Finanţarea deficitului bugetar (interviu cu Natalia Gavriliţa, ministrul Finanţelor din Republica Moldova) /Tiberiu Dianu

Natalia Gavriliţa, ministrul Finanţelor din Republica Moldova

Natalia Gavriliţa s-a născut la 21 septembrie 1977 în Chişinău, Republica Moldova. Studiază la Universitatea de Stat din Moldova, Chişinău (licenţă în drept, cu specializare în drept internaţional, 2000). Este titulara unei burse academice de doi ani (Edmund S. Muskie Graduate Fellowship Program, 2003) prin care îşi continuă studiile la Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government din Cambridge, Massachusetts (masterat în politici publice, 2005).

Lucrează în calitate de asistent politic (Biroul de Afaceri Politice şi Economice al Ambasadei Statelor Unite al Americii în Republica Moldova, 2000-2003), consultant (Biroul Vicepreşedintelui pentru Europa şi Asia Centrală de la Banca Mondială, Washington, DC, Statele Unite, 2005; Direcţia Generală de Afaceri Economice şi Financire, comisia Europeană, Bruxelles, Belgia, 2005-2006), şef de departament (Departamentul pentru Politici şi Dezvoltare Macroeconomică, Ministerul Economiei şi Comerţului al Republicii Moldova, 2007-2008; Departamentul de politică şi coordonare a ajutoarelor, Guvernul Republicii Moldova, 2008-2009), consultant superior (Programul de Finanţare şi Management al Sectorului Public, Oxford Policy Management, Oxford, Marea Britanie, 2009-2011), manager de portofoliu (Metode de evaluare, Programul de Statistici, Dovezi şi Responsabilitate, Oxford Policy Management, Oxford, Marea Britanie, 2011-2013), şef de stat major (Ministerul Educaţiei al Republicii Moldova, 2013-2014), secretar de stat (Ministerul Educaţiei al Republicii Moldova, 2014-2015) şi director general (Fondul Global pentru Inovare, Londra, Marea Britanie, 2015-2019).

Natalia Gavriliţa devine ministru al Finanţelor al Republicii Moldova (8 iunie 2019 – până în prezent).

În perioada 18-19 septembrie 2019 doamna ministru Natalia Gavriliţa face parte dintr-o delegaţie a Guvernului Republicii Moldova, condusă de doamna prim-ministru Maia Sandu, care a efectuat o vizită în Statele Unite. La 18 septembrie 2019, în contextul vizitei în Statele Unite a delegaţiei, a avut loc la Washington, la sediul Congresului SUA (Rayburn House Office Building) o întâlnire cu diaspora. La sfârşitul acelei întâlniri, doamna ministru al Finanţelor al Republicii Moldova, Natalia Gavriliţa, a avut amabilitatea să îmi acorde un interviu în exclusivitate.

 

1. Doamna ministru Natalia Gavriliţa, sunteţi ministrul Finanţelor al Republicii Moldova. Spuneţi-ne, care sunt obiectivele vizitei dumneavoastră în Statele Unite?

Am venit împreună cu doamna prim-ministru [Maia Sandu] pentru ca să avem o serie de întrevederi cu oficialii americani. Şi, pe de-o parte, să informăm despre provocările şi oportunităţile cu care se confruntă guvernul Republicii Moldova şi, pe de altă parte, să cerem susţinerea şi asistenţa Statelor Unite pentru reformele sau programul de reforme iniţiat de această administraţie.

2. Şi pe linie financiară?

Pe linie financiară avem, am avut întrevederi şi cu Treasury, cu Ministerul Finanţelor Statelor Unite. Acolo am solicitat, pe de-o parte, considerarea asistenţei în relaţiile, în investigarea furtului miliardului [de dolari din Republica Moldova] şi pedepsirea celor care se fac vinovaţi de această fraudă bancară şi, pe de altă parte, asistenţa tehnică pentru dezvoltarea sectorului financiar şi sectorul pieţii de valori mobiliare de stat al Republicii Moldova.

3. Foarte interesant. Care sunt provocările cu care se confruntă acum Republica Moldova pe linia domeniului dumneavoastră de activitate?

În primul rând, am avut o provocare de termen scurt, de stabilizare bugetară şi relansare a relaţiilor cu FMI şi Uniunea Europeană, pentru ca să beneficiem în continuare de suport direct bugetar. Pe de altă parte, avem nevoie de surse de finanţare a deficitului bugetar. Dar pe viitor avem câteva provocări majore. Deci, este formularea unui buget pentru anul 2020, care ar orienta resursele spre priorităţile de dezvoltare ale guvernului şi creşterea unor programe, ceea ce presupune să găsim din nou surse adiţionale de finanţare. Şi avem şi priorităţi în ceea ce priveşte capacitatea de absorbţie a Moldovei pentru fondurile care sunt disponibile, transparentizarea modului în care se cheltuie banul public, responsabilizarea celor care, deci, cheltuie banul public. Şi cam astea sunt priorităţile.

4. Ultima întrebare, doamna ministru. Cum vedeţi, în opinia dumneavoastră, rolul României în îndeplinirea dezideratelor pe care Republica Moldova şi le-a propus?

România este un partener foarte important pentru Republica Moldova. Avem relaţii foarte bune. În special, avem priorităţi pe domeniul cooperării energetice, pentru a asigura independenţa energetică, sau a creşte gradul de independenţă energetică a Republicii Moldova. Pe dimensiunea Ministerului Finanţelor suntem în discuţii pentru accesarea unor împrumuturi pentru finanţarea deficitului bugetar. Şi, de fapt, avem o serie de programe de cooperare pe toate domeniile. Ministrul de Externe [Nicu Popescu] a vorbit chiar astăzi despre discuţia noastră în privinţa eliminării tarifelor pentru roaming. Avem proiecte comune în educaţie, în cultură, în cercetare, în sănătate. Deci, de fapt, pe orice dimensiune a lucrului acestui guvern, atât colaborarea cu România, cât şi asistenţa României şi împărtăşirea experienţei de integrare europeană este crucială pentru noi.

5. Este foarte îmbucurător ceea ce îmi spuneţi. Vă mulţumesc mult, doamna ministru.

Da, mersi mult.

 

NOTĂ – Dreptul de reproducere a articolului, în variantele engleză şi română, aparţine autorului şi este folosit cu permisiunea acestuia.

Variante ale articolului au fost publicate în INTELLECTUAL CONSERVATIVE şi MEDIUM.

 

TIBERIU DIANU, autor de cărţi şi multiple articole de drept, politică și societăţi postcomuniste, locuieşte şi îşi desfăşoară activitatea în Washington, DC şi poate fi urmărit pe MEDIUM.

 

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